:Observance of caste system, with all its rigour
and formalities, was another peculiarity of Kerala. The observance
untouchability vanished consequent to the movements
of social reforms, especially the one initiated by Sree Narayana
Guru. The Temple Entry Proclamation of the Raja of
Travancore effective by put a end to the system of untouchability
in South Kerala.
Today, Kerala is the only State in India where untouchability as
well as repression of Harijans are unheard of. Moreover, the progressive
Governments in Kerala have been adopting several measures for the
uplift of the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward
Child Labour :There
are more children under the age of fourteen in India than the entire
population of the United States. The great challenge of India, as
a developing country, is to provide nutrition, education and health
care to these children.
Children under fourteen constitute around 3.6% of the total labor
force in India. Of these children, nine out of every ten work in
their own rural family settings. Nearly 85% are engaged in traditional
agricultural activities. Less than 9% work in manufacturing, services
and repairs. Only about 0.8% work in factories.
While child labor is a complex problem that is basically rooted
in poverty, there is unwavering commitment by the Government and
the people of India to combat it. Success can be achieved only through
social engineering on a major scale combined with national economic
growth. International policies and actions, therefore, must support
and not hamper India's efforts to get rid of child labor.
India has all along followed a proactive policy with respect to
the problem of child labor, and has stood for constitutional, statutory
and developmental measures to combat child labor. Six ILO conventions
relating to child labor have been ratified,, three of these as early
as the first quarter of this century.
The first Act in India relating to child labor was the Enactment
of Children (Pledging of Labor) Act of February 1933. Since then
there have been nine different Indian legislations relating to child
labor. The strategy of progressive elimination of child labor underscores
India's legislative intent, and takes cognizance of the fact that
child labor is not an isolated phenomenon that can be tackled without
simultaneously taking into account the socio-economic milieu that
is at the root of the problem.
The Government of India is determined to eradicate child labor
in the country. The world's largest child labor elimination program
is being implemented at the grass roots level in India, with primary
education targeted for nearly 250 million. In this a large number
of non-governmental and voluntary organizations are involved. Special
investigation cells have been set up in States to enforce existing
laws banning employment of children in hazardous industries. The
allocation of the Government of India for the elimination of child
labor was $10 million in 1995-96 and $16 million in 1996-97. The
allocation for the current year is $21 million.
The International Program on Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC)
has the world's largest international initiative on child labor
in India. The total outlay under this program between 1992 and 1996
has been $4.15 million.
Ravi Varma wants to portrait the henious
system of untouchabiliy through his portriat ?Have a relook at the
painting ?He wanted to say something about child labour ?