Jayachandra Maharaja's Portrait Raja Ravi Varma Oil Paintings Picture Images Gallery

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Jayachandra Maharaja's Portrait Painted on Canvas by Raja Ravi Varma

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The royal house belongs to the Rathore clan of Rajputs, descendants of the Rashtrakuta solar dynasty who ruled in the Deccan during the 8th century AD. They ruled as vassals of the Gahadwala dynasty at Kanauj for fourteen centuries, before expulsion from that place by Shahb ud-din in 1194. Shivaji [Sihoji], also said to be a grandson or nephew of Jai Chand [Jayachandra], the last Gahadwala ruler of Kanauj, went on pilgrimage to Dwarka. Halting at Pali, in Marwar, he befriended some local Brahmins and freed them from bands of marauders. They asked him to settle there with his family. His descendants grew in power and extended their domains, until Chanda, ninth in descent from Shivaji, acquired Mandor, the chief town of Marwar from the Parihar chief in 1382. Jodhpur city was founded by Chanda's grandson, Jodha, in 1459. Rao Jodhaji had fourteen sons and twenty-three brothers, from whom descend the principal rulers and nobles of Jodhpur, Bikaner, Kishangarh, Rutlam, Sitamau, Idar, Ahmednagar and Jhabua. No dynasty is more greatly represented amongst the ruling and noble houses of India. Marriages were also contracted between the Jodhpur ruling house and the Timurid Mughal dynasty in Delhi. This powerful alliance provided the Mughals with a formidable Rajput fighting force, and the Jodhpuris with security in their territories, influence, power and titles. They were one of the first Rajput families to be promoted to the rank of Maharaja. However, the increasing power of the Mahrathas during the seventeenth century threatened the independence of the state. Heavy tributes and periodic punitive expeditions were exacted on the Rajput rulers. Jodhpur suffered less than most but was threatened nevertheless. This prompted overtures to the enemies of the Mahrathas, the British, and vice versa. After several abortive attempts at an alliance, treaty relations were eventually established on 6th January 1818. Thereafter, the Jodhpuri house became one of the staunchest allies of the Crown. Their military forces serving in China, Tibet, and Afghanistan and the major theatres of both world wars. The Maharajas themselves, frequently lead their armies in the field, in person. The state acceded to the Dominion of India 14th August 1947, some nifty political negotiations at the eleventh hour securing vital concessions on water resources and other matters. Maharaja Shri Hanwant Singhji joined with other Rajput states to form the Rajasthan Union on 13th March 1949. Today, despite the de-recognition of his titles by the government in Delhi, the Maharaja continues to hold an honoured place in the affections of his people

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