Playing Veena :
Veena is a stringed instrument.
It consists of a large body hollowed out of a block of wood.
The stem of the instrument is also made of wood. The bridge is placed
on the flat top of the body of the veena and the neck attached to
the stem is usually carved into weird figure like the head of the
A gourd which is smaller than the rounded part of the body is fixed
underneath the neck. Twenty one metallic frets are fixed on the
stem by means of a resinous substance.
The veena has seven strings. Of them four are main strings that
pass over the frets and are attached to the pegs of the neck. The
other strings are used as side strings for rhythmic accompaniment.
These strings pass over an arched bridge made of brass. They lie
flat over the top of the body and are secured to the main bridge.
The veena is played by sitting cross-legged upon the floor and
holding the veena in front. The small gourd on the left touch the
left thigh, the left arm passing round the stem so that the fingers
rest easily upon the frets. The main body of the instrument is placed
on the ground, partially supported by the right thigh.
There are different varieties of veena. Some of them are Mahanataka
veena, Saraswati veena, Rudra veena, Vichitra veena etc. Saraswati
veena is known as the queen of veena's.