Read More »Vishnu is regarded
as a major god in Hinduism and Indian mythology.
He is thought as the preserver of the universe while two other major
Hindu gods Brahma and Shiva, are regarded respectively, as the creator
and destroyer of the universe.
The original worship of Vishnu, by the Aryan conquerors of India
or the original Dravidian inhabitants is not definitely known. In
the ancient Vedas, the body of literature known as the Veda, and
sacred literature of the Aryan conquerors, Vishnu is ranked among
the lesser gods and is usually associated with the major Vedic god
Indra who in the epics and Puranas fights against dragons and demonic
forces. These latter writings emerge during the later development
It is throughout this literature and especially through incarnations
that Vishnu is raised to higher rankings within the Hindu pantheon.
He becomes the prominent second god of the Trimurti, the Hindu Triad,
while Brahma is first and Shiva is third.
In some Puranic literature Vishnu is said to be eternal, an all-pervading
spirit, and associated with the primeval waters that are believed
to have been omnipresent before the creation of the universe.
The concept of Vishnu being the preserver of the world came relatively
late in Hinduism. Presumedly it sprang from two other beliefs: that
men attain salvation by faithfully following predetermined paths
of duty, and that powers of good and evil (gods and demons) are
in contention for domination over the world. When these powers are
upset Vishnu, it is further believed, descends to earth, or his
avatar, to equalized the powers. Further it is thought that ten
such incarnations or reincarnations of Vishnu will occur. Nine descents
are said to have already occurred, the tenth is yet to come. Rama
and Krishna were the seventh and eighth.